In 2010 the General Assembly of the United Nations recognized the right to safe water and basic sanitation services as a human right. However, 750 million people still lack access to clean water worldwide. It is feared that in the coming decades the situation will continue to worsen. In its World Water Development Report 2015, UNESCO anticipates that global demand for water will increase in 2050 by about 55% due to climate change, the growth of world population and the rising demand for water by households, agriculture and industry.
In Haiti, only every second person has access to clean water
The earth is considered a blue planet. One would therefore think that there is enough water for everyone, but only 2.5% of the water on earth is freshwater. Around 70% of global water consumption goes to agriculture; industry takes up 20%, and private households account for the remaining 10%. While Germans consume a daily average of 120 liters of water for showering, cooking, washing or drinking, in Haiti, around half of the population has no access to clean water. For a sip of clean water, people often have to walk for some kilometers.
That’s what happens in St. Louis du Sud, a remote region that lies approximately 170 kilometers southwest of the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. There nph Haiti and the Foundation St. Luc operate the St. Paul School. It was set up in 2011 to foster education among the boys and girls of the rural communities.
Drinking water system for the realization of the human right
A pool of companies from Karlsruhe, Germany are contributing to bring clean water to more people in Haiti. For the World Water Day 2016, BOKELA, econda, Wibu-Systems, Hust and Herbold and 4L Management have committed to match donations to help the Christian Children's Fund nuestros pequeños hermanos (nph) and its sister organization Foundation St. Luc build a solar-powered well, which is estimated to cost around 31,000 euros.
nph Haiti and the Foundation St. Luc already use such water systems in multiple locations successfully, including the Children's Hospital "St. Damien" in Port-au-Prince. It will take about three months from the moment the well is drilled, to the installation of the system, and the establishment of drinking water taps.
The construction of a solar powered fountain is an ideal solution especially for remote areas. The flow is guaranteed by an environmentally friendly form of energy and the operation is sustainable. At the St. Paul School a hybrid system will be built based both on solar and wind energy. The daily capacity of the drinking water system is 20,000 liters. Thus, not just the St. Paul students can quench their thirst, but also the people from the entire neighborhood. Around 30,000 children and adults will have access to clean and safe water.
nph Haiti and the Foundation St. Luc operate a total of 29 schools in poor neighborhoods or rural areas of Haiti. Three of them are already equipped with its solar-powered wells. All others will be served one after the other.